Home Page     Kingdom Index      Plant Index    Magnoliopsida Index      Santalaceae Index

Geocaulon lividum (Richards.) Fern.

15 photos.
A wonderfully weird little plant at all stages, especially when in fruit.  The plant shown in photo 8
is infected with a blister rust which distorts and colors the leaves in beautiful patterns.  It even has
interesting common names if you like "red-fruited bastard toadflax", "northern commandra", "pumpkin berry",
"dogberry" or "timberberry"

ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 502755








1.  Late May.  Two stems with buds.
The stems arise from a thin underground

2.  Late May.  Flowers are borne in groups of
three, the center flower is female and the outer
flowers are male.  The male flowers do
what male flowers do and then drop off.

3.  Late May.  Close-up view of the apetalous
flowers and buds in photo 2.

4.  Early June. A branched stem.


5.  Early June.  A single three-flower cluster.

6.  Early July.  A group of stems, two of which
are infected with blister rust which spreads
outward from the leaf veins.

7.  Late May.  Stems infected with blister rust.
The leaves are beginning to distort.  Note that
the two front stems have failed to elongate.

8.  Late June.   A stem infected with blister rust.
The leaves are distorted and the chlorophyll has
been destroyed in the leaves and stem.

9.  Mid-August.  Almost ripe berries.  The
berries are edible.  Most people taste one.
Just one!

10.  Mid-August.  Close-up view of
the pair of berries in photo 9.

11.  Late July.  Several stems in fruit.

12.  Late July.  A group of fruiting stems which
are only a small portion of a larger group
covering several hundred square feet.


13.  June 25, 2010.  The entire plant with
unripe berries.


14.  June 2, 2011.  Close-up of three

15.  August 10, 2012.  Fruit sliced to
show seed.

Photos 1, 2, 7 9 and 10 taken along Upper
Bottom Dollar Road.
65°  25.5' N,   144°  49.4' W
Elev. 2000 ft.

Photos 3 and 6 taken on a hillside
above Upper Bottom Dollar Creek
between St. Patrick's Creek and Nugget
Gulch (St. Patrick's Creek is labeled
as Nugget Gulch on the USGS map)
65° 25.99' N, 144° 49.90' W
Elev. 2600 ft.

Photos 4 , 5, and 13-15 taken at 9.5 mile
Portage Creek Road.
65°  25.192' N   144°  48.197
Elev. 1900 ft.

Photo 8 taken near upper Half
Dollar Creek.
65° 25.51' N, 144° 46.60' W
Elev. 2000 ft.

Photos 11 and 12 taken near Circle
Hot Springs.