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Linnaea borealis L.

18 photos.
The "American twinflower" or "northern twinflower"  appears in June at lower
elevations and in July at higher elevations.  Carpets of this trailing plant stretching for hundreds of feet occur
under tall white spruce.

ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 35314

1. Late June.  A carpet of plants.








2.  Late June  Forked shoot with two blossoms.

3.  Late June.  Close-up of a forked
flowering shoot with a bud and
blooming flower.

4.  Late July.  Three hairy blossoms

5.  Late May.  Spring plants prior to
appearance of flowering shoots.

6.  Late July.  Flowering shoots branching
from creeping stem.

Photos 1-3 taken at 9.5 mile Portage
Creek Road.
65° 25.18' N, 144° 48.19' W
Elev. 1900 ft.

Photos 4 and 6 taken at Pinnell
Trailhead on Eagle Summit.
65° 29.085' N,  145° 24.897' W
Elev. 3668 ft.

Photo 5 taken along Upper Bottom
Dollar Creek Road.
65°  25.77' N,   144°  50.19' W
Elev. 2100 ft.

Photos 7-9 and 12-15 taken above Circle
Hot Springs
65°  29.00' N,  144° 38.65' W
Elev. 950 ft.

Photos 9 and 10 taken on the Hillside
north of swamp adjacent to west margin of
the lake south of 144 mile Steese Highway.
65°  35.56' N,  144° 36.99' W
Elev. 950 ft.

Photos 7-9 and 12-15 are a series taken on a hillside
above Circle Hot Springs in May and June.
The photos are of a single plant
with brown leaves.  The multi-leaved
cluster is unusual.  Some leaves are
dropped when the new leaves appear.

7.  May 10, 2009.  A single runner.

8.  May 10, 2009.  A short section of the runner
in photo 7.  Note the groups of two sets of
  2 to 3 pairs of leaves oriented at 90°.

9.  May 20, 2009.  A pair of six-leaved
clusters.  Note the hairs on some of the

10.  May 28, 2009.  A section of a runner
with the more common paired leaves.

11.  May 28, 2009.  A matted group of runners.

12.  May 30, 2009.  New growth emerging from
the bud at the junction of the older leaves.  Note
some older leaves are missing or pushed
out of the way.

13.  June 22, 2009.  New growth near the end of
the runner.  Still not fully green.

14.  June 22, 2009.  Flower stalk with the twin
flowers arising from the runner.

15.  June 22, 2009.  Close-up of the pair of
blossoms.  They are much redder than the
normal blossoms.

16.  August 10, 2012.  A pair of blossoms in

17.  August 11, 2012  Close-up of a seed
with a portion of the covering.

18.  July 1, 2013.  Close-up of a single blossom.
Photos 16-18 taken at 9.5 mile Portage
Creek Road.
65° 25.18' N, 144° 48.19' W
Elev. 1900 ft.